Topic: Breast Feeding
For B.Sc in nursing 2nd year and Diploma in Nursing student’s.
At the end of this lecture, learner able to learn About
- Definition of breast feeding.
- The meaning of exclusive breast feeding.
- Advantages of breast feeding.
- Importance of breast feeding.
- Composition of breast feeding.
- Mechanism of breast feeding.
What is / Define Breast feeding:
Breast feeding is the best natural feeding and breast milk is best milk. The basic food of infant is mother’s milk. Breast feeding is the most effective way to provide a baby with a caring environment and complete food.
Exclusive Breast feeding:
It implies feeding of breast milk is enough for the baby up to 6 months of life and no other food is necessary during this time.
Advantages of breast feeding:
The Advantages of breast feeding are given in the below- they are,
- Nutritive value.
- Protective Value.
- Psychological benefits.
- Maternal benefits.
- Family and community benefits.
Importance of Breast feeding:
- Breast milk contains colostrum’s, which protect infants from various diseases.
- Breast milk is cheap.
- Breast milk is freely available.
- Breast milk can be given at any time.
- Breast milk increases the mother and child bond.
- Breast milk is free from pathogenic organism.
- Breast milk helps in involution of uterus.
- Infants who cannot take breast milk are put on cows milk, Soya milk or thin.
Composition of breast feeding:
- Colostrum: It is secreted during first three days after delivery.
- Transitional Milk: It follows the colostrum’s and secretes during first two weeks of postnatal period.
- Mature: It is secreted usually from 10 to 12 days after delivery and its watery but contains all nutrients for optimal growth of the baby.
- Preterm Milk: The breast milk secreted by a mother who has delivery a preterm baby is different from milk of a mother who has delivered a full term baby.
- Fore Milk.
- Hind Milk.
Anatomy of the breast :
Attachment’s of Breast feeding: