Chikungunya

History  of Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral illness initially depicted amid an episode in southern Tanzania in 1952. It is a RNA infection that has a place with the alphavirus variety of the family Togaviridae. The name “chikungunya” gets from a word in the Kimakonde dialect, signifying “to wind up noticeably bended”, and depicts the stooped appearance of sufferers with joint agony (arthralgia).

Sign symptoms of Chikungunya:

The most common feature is chikungunya are characterized by an abrupt onset of fever frequently associated with joint pain.  Other Common feature are- muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rush but joint pain lasts for few day or may be prolonged month. This virus can produce acute, sub acute and chronic disease.

Most patients recuperate completely, yet now and again joint agony may hold on for a while, or even years. Incidental instances of eye, neurological and heart inconveniences have been accounted for, and additionally gastrointestinal objections. Genuine intricacies are not normal, but rather in more seasoned individuals, the illness can add to the reason for death. Frequently indications in tainted people are gentle and the contamination may go unrecognized, or be misdiagnosed in regions where dengue happens.

Rote of transmission:

Chikungunya has been recognized in more than 60 nations in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.The infection is transmitted from human to human by the chomps of contaminated female mosquitoes. Most normally, the mosquitoes included are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus,  two species which can likewise transmit other mosquito-borne infections, including dengue.  These mosquitoes can be discovered gnawing all through sunlight hours, however there might be pinnacles of action in the early morning and late evening. The two species are discovered gnawing outside, however Ae. aegypti will likewise promptly sustain inside.After the chomp of a tainted mosquito, beginning of disease happens generally in the vicinity of 4 and 8 days yet can run from 2 to 12 days.

Diagnosis includes are- Serological tests, for example, catalyst connected immunosorbent measures (ELISA), may affirm the nearness of IgM and IgG hostile to chikungunya antibodies. IgM immune response levels are most elevated 3 to 5 weeks after the beginning of ailment and hold on for around 2 months. Tests gathered amid the main week after the beginning of indications ought to be tried by both serological and virological strategies (RT-PCR).The infection might be disconnected from the blood amid the initial couple of days of disease. Different turn around transcriptase– polymerase chain response (RT– PCR) techniques are accessible however are of variable affectability. Some are suited to clinical analysis. RT– PCR items from clinical specimens may likewise be utilized for genotyping of the infection, permitting examinations with infection tests from different land sources.

Prevention:

  • No antibody to avert or solution to treat disease is accessible. Š
  • Mosquitoes that spread chikungunya nibble forcefully amid the day.
  • Dodge contamination by counteracting mosquito chomps.

» Use bug anti-agents.

  • Anti-agents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and some oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol items give enduring insurance.
  • Use aerating and cooling or window/entryway screens.
  • Wear since a long time ago sleeved shirts and long jeans or permethrin-treated dress.

  Prepared by:

Md. Mainul Islam

 

 

 

 

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